On October 12th, 1928, King Alfonso XIII crowned the Virgin of Guadalupe (patron saint of Extremadura) the Queen of Hispanidad (“Spanish-ness”). Since then, the crown on the statue of the Virgin has read, “Sancta María de Guadalupe, gratia plena, Mater Dei, Hispaniarum Regina, ora pro nobis peccatoribus.” The Hispanic Festival is celebrated every year in Guadalupe to commemorate the “coronation” with a series of events culminating in a great cavalcade, the biggest one in Extremadura. The festival was declared a Festival of Regional Touristic Interest, but that doesn’t mean that it isn’t of interest to people from other parts of Spain as well.
The Royal Gentlemen’s Association of Santa María is responsible for putting on the Hispanic Festival every year on October 12th. The ceremonies begin in the morning with the distribution of medals and a reception of new members of the association. Then the gentlemen travel in a procession to the basilica where a mass is held in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Other events take place throughout the day, including the Guadalupe–Hispanidad Awards, the Jornadas de la Hispanidad (which recognize towns, events, or people from the Hispanic world who have made contributions to that community), and the Hispanidad Concert, usually performed by the Extremadura Orchestra.